working papers
Kool W, Cushman, FA, Gershman, SJ
Metacontrol of reinforcement learning
Smid CR, Kool W, Hauser TU, Steinbeis N
Model-based decision-making and its metacontrol in childhood
pdf
Patzelt EH, Kool W, Gershman, SJ
Boosting model-based control in older adults
pdf
in press
Patil I, Zucchelli MM, Kool W, Campbell S, Fornasier F, Calò M, Silani G, Cikara M & Cushman, F
Reasoning supports utilitarian resolutions to moral dilemmas across diverse measures
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
2019
Liu S, Cushman, FA, Gershman, SJ, Kool W, & Spelke L
Hard choices: Children’s understanding of the cost of action selection
Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society
Patzelt EH, Kool W, Millner A J, & Gershman SJ
The transdiagnostic structure of mental effort avoidance
Scientific Reports
Patzelt EH, Kool W, Millner AJ, & Gershman SJ
Incentives boost model-based control across a range of severity on several psychiatric constructs
Biological Psychiatry
Bolenz F, Kool W, Reiter AMF, Kiebel, SJ, & Eppinger B.
Metacontrol of decision-making strategies in human aging
eLife
pdf data
2018
Kool W & Botvinick MM
Mental labour
Nature Human Behaviour
Kool W, Cushman FA*, & Gershman SJ*
Competition and cooperation between multiple reinforcement learning systems
Understanding Goal-Directed Decision Making: Computations and Circuits
Kool W, Gershman SJ*, & Cushman FA*
Planning complexity registers as a cost in metacontrol
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
2017
Kool W, Gershman SJ*, & Cushman FA*
Cost-benefit arbitration between multiple reinforcement learning systems
Psychological Science
Shenhav AS, Musslick S, Lieder F, Kool W, Griffiths TL, Cohen JD, & Botvinick MM
Towards a rational and mechanistic account of mental effort
Annual Reviews of Neuroscience
Kool W*, Shenhav AS*, & Botvinick MM
Cognitive control as cost-benefit decision making
Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Control
2016
Kool W, Cushman FA*, & Gershman SJ*
When does model-based control pay off?
PLOS Computational Biology
2015
Gold JM, Kool W, Botvinick MM, Hubzin L, August S, & Waltz J
Cognitive effort avoidance and detection in people with schizophrenia
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
2014
Kool W, Conway ARA, & Turk-Browne N B
Sequential dynamics in visual short-term memory
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
Braver TS, Krug MK, Chiew KS, Kool W, Westbrook J A, . . ., Somerville LH
Mechanisms of motivation-cognition interaction: challenges and opportunities
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
Kool W & Botvinick MM
A labor/leisure trade-off in cognitive control
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
2013
Kool W & Botvinick MM
The intrinsic cost of cognitive control
Behavioral Brain Sciences
Kool W, McGuire, JT, Wang, GJ, & Botvinick MM
Behavioral and neural evidence for an intrinsic cost of self-control
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
Kool W, Getz SJ, & Botvinick MM
Neural representation of probability: Evidence from the Illusion of Control
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
2012 and earlier
Kool W*, McGuire JT*, Rosen ZB, & Botvinick MM
Decision making and the avoidance of cognitive demand
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
Colzato LS, Kool W, & Hommel B
Stress modulation of visuomotor binding
Neuropsychologia

* authors contributed equally

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